5) The sin against the Holy Ghost implying a Person proves His personality. However, the doctrine of the Holy Spirit by necessity relates closely to theological convictions concerning God (theology proper) and Jesus Christ (christology). Doctrine of the Last Things Holy Spirit: Pneumatology Computer Users: Place the cursor over the title to get a description of the book, click the title to go directly to WorldCat. He attempted to combine both the Calvinistic ideas of the Spirit’s work and the Arminian ideas (or semi-Pelagian) and as a result, created Amyraldianism. As John 16:13 says, “for He will not speak on His own authority, but whatever He hears He will speak; and He will tell you things to come.”. This precursor to the Arminian position was refuted and condemned at the Synod of Orange in AD 529. The Spirit applies the work of redemption to the individual in what theology calls regeneration. Some think that He is simply a force or a guide. The apostolic Epistles demonstrate an acute awareness of the person and work of the Holy Spirit. 21 This ministry guarantees … They are never isolated from Christ or the relations of His kingdom and are communicated to Christians by the Spirit through the Word. Romans 8:14 says “For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, they are the sons of God.” The illuminating and leading work of the Holy Spirit in our lives is a confirmation that we are indeed children of God. Sproul’s The Mystery of the Holy Spirit. Lead me in the land of uprightness.” Paul the apostles quotes Psalm 116:10, “And since we have the same spirit of faith, according to what is written, “I believed and therefore I spoke,” we also believe and therefore speak (2 Cor. Hosea 9:7 states that Hosea himself was a man of the Spirit. Conferring divine revelation was officially binding upon the church, where divine illumination helps the believer understand the Word of God. Church, or the form in which the Church dogmatically holds the doctrine. For example, there are three main epochs in which the miraculous giftedness of the Spirit worked through the church for the good of the church: 1) in the days of Moses, 2) in the days of Elijah, and 2) in the days of the Messiah and his apostles. 6:17). It will presuppose the Biblical doctrine of the Trinity. The Spirit illuminates through His indwelling presence within the individual (John 16:16; 2 Tim. There are no other workbooks like these anywhere that will help you work through the best biblical theology. The doctrine of the Spirit has always been violently attacked by various writers through the centuries, and defended by others who uphold orthodoxy. In all this, though, the Greeks and Latins were overwhelmed by the teachings of the Western Church by exegesis rather than just attempted human logic. Jesus said He would send another Comforter, which, if Christ is the first Comforter than that statement alone demonstrates the personality of mind, will and affections of another Comforter. Amyraldius is worthy of mention as far as heretics go. For seriously and most genuinely God makes known in his Word what is pleasing to him: that those who are called should come to him. It is not until Augustine that we have a more biblical and exegetical understanding of salvation and election, and the application of this by the Holy Spirit. In Genesis 1:2, we find Him moving about the surface of the waters, and in Revelation 22:17, He and the bride cry with one voice. The Baptism of the Spirit is given for leading and service in a far wider manner in comparison to the Old Testament. to hold in the sense of wearing) then He is not God’s and not Christ’s. During the early old ages of the century. In the New Testament His function is poured out over the whole covenant community, and in the Old Testament He chose specific people to be more or less anointed for service. In the fourth century it was Arianism that denied the Son and the Spirit as God, and instead, made the Son a created being and the Spirit a force. 1. The doctrine of the Holy Spirit is called Pneumatology. Hebrews 9:14 states, “how much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered Himself without spot to God, cleanse your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?” The Son of God, moved and animated by the Holy Spirit, offered Himself without spot or blemish as an atoning sacrifice. 19 Absence of the Holy Spirit is the mark of the unsaved. 8:14; Ezek 36:27). The efficacious operation of the Spirit presupposes God’s sovereign election on certain individuals to receive the benefits of Christ’s death for them. The Spirit teaches (John 14:26), guides (John 16:13), and glorifies Christ (John 16:14). 6:11). 1:17; James 1:26) and by the illumination of the Spirit, the Christian is able to understand the things of God and of Christ and help the believer to pray effectively according to the will of God. The new Spirit-led ethical actions of the Christian come after regeneration and the indwelling of the Spirit. But it has no power, without the Holy Ghost, to work the righteousness of God, that is, spiritual righteousness; since the natural man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God, 1 Cor. The Spirit has personal characteristics. Christian ethics are an immediate result of the Spirit’s work on the believer. The Holy Spirit accommodated the message through prophets which resembles a mother’s accommodation to the capacity of her infant. 2:14; Romans 8:7).” Now, men must be regenerated and endowed with the Spirit of God since they are imputed with Adam’s sin from conception and are devoid of all spiritual good. The Puritan movement during the 17th century was a pristine time of theological development for the application and work of the Spirit. Computer Users: Place the cursor over the title to get a description of the book, click the title to go directly to WorldCat. In the practical application of the work of the Spirit upon the Christian, one may divide His work into the three sections that Romans outlines: regeneration, spiritual-mindedness, and walking after the Spirit (Romans 8:4, 6, 9). The divine personality of the Spirit was not less known and not less recognized in the Old Testament in comparison to the New Testament. In Article 18 of the Augsburg Confession it states, “they teach that man’s will has some liberty to choose civil righteousness, and to work things subject to reason. Upon this verse alone it is eminently apparent that all the saints, in any sage, were saved, filled, and walking in the Spirit in this sense or they were not of Christ in any saving sense. They believed the Holy Spirit was a creature that derived its life from Christ. There are certainly a host of passages that deal with the work of the Holy Spirit through the Old Testament. Understand the nature (the deity and personality) of the Holy Spirit. The Holy Spirit joins together every regenerated member of the Church to the Head to create a complete body. Nor is it strange when Christ says, “Receive ye the Holy Spirit (John 20:22).” This refers to the gifting of the Holy Spirit for service, in which the apostles would take up in Jerusalem. The Doctrine of the Holy Spirit formed the capstone of George Smeaton’s teaching. In speaking of the divine procession of the Spirit, there are two ways of looking at this subject: 1) a priori, from the fact of eternal procession, and 2) a posteriori, from the unquestionable evidences of divine personality which are given all through the Scriptures. Historically and exegetically truths about this doctrine are classified within the larger framework of the Trinity. The symbolic dove demonstrated the resting of the Spirit upon Him for the task (Isaiah 11:2). . Passages that refer to Christ being filled with the Spirit, or the Spirit given to Him without measure are stated historically, not theology. Gifts such as tongues (1 Cor. Though Justin the martyr speaks of the Holy Spirit, Tertullian is the first to use the term “Trinity” dogmatically. The prophets themselves required the operation of the Spirit in order to fulfill their special duties as well as being carried along by the Holy Spirit to write the inspired Scriptures. Joel 2:28 prophesies about the restoration of Israel and the outpouring of the Spirit in connection with the Messianic sending of the Spirit. It is by the scope and extent of the outpouring of the Spirit that marks the difference. 12:11). At the same time, his humanity is anointed as far as the actual supplies of gifts and graces are concerned, so that He has a necessary endowment for the function of His office. The Spirit inhabits the whole man and renews him (Romans 8:9). But it does demonstrate that from early second century writings that the Holy Spirit occupied a place of prominence in theological literature. Thomas Boston (1676-1732), One Special Duty - Thankfulness - Thomas Manton (1620-1677), Personal Prayer Outline - by C. Matthew McMahon, Practical Godliness by Vincent Alsop (1629-1703), Recapitulation in Revelation 20:1-10 - by Dr. R. Fowler White, Seeing Jesus, The Misplaced Faith of Idolaters - by Dr. C. Matthew McMahon, Solomon’s Folly: The Revival of Religious Syncretism in America - by Dr. C. Matthew McMahon, Spiritual Scotoma - by Dr. C. Matthew McMahon, Thanksgiving for Mercies Received - by John Flavel (1630–1691), The Biblical Doctrine of the Trinity - by Dr. Benjamin B. Warfield, The Compassion Of Christ To Weak Believers - by Rev. 12:8), the gift of faith (Mark 16:18; Acts 28:5) – which is not the same as faith in believing, but the faith of miracles – the power of discerning spirits, the gifts of healing, and other gifts which were supernatural of the Holy Spirit were given to the Apostles, but sovereignly disposed by the Spirit to them in His own right for founding the church. Romans 7 gives Christians a glimpse into the real struggle in which every believer fights against sin. Such blessings are announced as gifts to those that come and repent of their sins. 2) His distinction from the Father and the Son, and His mission from both, prove His personality (John 15:26). The disciple will understand that the Holy Spirit is a person related to the godhead—He is God. Throughout the greater part of church history one of the most neglected among doctrines is the biblical teaching concerning the Person and Work of the Holy Spirit. He defines what it is to be in the Spirit, or to be sanctified, that is, to have the Spirit of God dwelling in us. This work on the Holy Spirit, while not the easiest read, is very helpful. Take a moment to visit Puritan Publications (click the banner below) to find the biggest selection of rare puritan works updated in modern English in both print form and in multiple electronic forms. When the apostle speaks of the Spirit not yet being given, as with the apostle John, he is not talking about location. The Spirit is not an impersonal “it” or simply an influence, He is the third person of the Trinity. The second degree was given at His baptism (John 1:33). The Spirit is not the Father and is not the Son, but distinct from both. The image of God that Adam was first created in was wholly corrupted and defiled by his sin in the garden under the temptation of the devil (Gen. 3:1-15; John 3:6). Arianism is still active today through the Jehovah’s witnesses, and various other cults such as New Age have turned the Spirit into a force, such as the Manicheans of old. The divine personality is proven against the Arian and Sabellian heresies which have attempted to overthrow this doctrine in the church through the ages. As a result of the fall of man, the Spirit withdrew from him and he was then designated as “flesh” (Gen. 4:3). Between these three persons of the Godhead, there exists a natural order of subsistence and operation. In creating a definition, it would be most helpful to give the Spirit descriptive character traits based on Scripture first. Since the fall, the plan of salvation has encompassed the replenishment of the defiled image of God by the operation of the Spirit upon wicked men who receive mercy through mediation. All the Gospel evangelists refer to the Spirit’s work in connection with His birth, baptism and temptation. Here we find the filioque clause that was debated between the Eastern and Western Church. x. Jesus and the apostles in speaking of the Spirit’s work were not speaking some new language that threw off their hearers. Peter states, “for prophecy never came by the will of man, but holy men of God spoke as they were moved by the Holy Spirit (2 Peter 1:21).” The prophetic Spirit imparted a supernatural divine illumination in virtue of what the apostles and prophets understood fully and what they were commissioned to announce on behalf of God and Christ. As the humanity was assumed in the hypostatic union (the union between the flesh and the divinity of the Son of God) the person of Christ was anointed by the Spirit so far as the call to the office was concerned. The work, seen here thus far, is the same work that the Spirit accomplishes all through redemptive history, whether in the Old Testament or New Testament. They sometimes lose and sometimes win. 2. From AD 157-171 the Montanists arose in Mysia, who believed in the continued supernatural gifting of the Holy Spirit upon believers. The extraordinary gifts given to these men by the Holy Spirit would cease after the Church was founded upon the inspired Scripture. Thomas Watson (1620-1686), Twenty Motives that Christ Might Have the Love of Your Hearts - by Rev. Understand the nature (the deity and personality) of the Holy Spirit. During the period of the Reformation and later, the term “grace” was used interchangeably with the phrase “the work of the Holy Spirit.” Luther debated Erasmus on this issue surrounding the work of the Spirit when Erasmus wrote his Diatribe and Luther responded with his greatest work The Bondage of the Will. He is placed in rank with the Father and the Son (such as at Christ’s baptism – Matthew 3:16), and the name of God is directly given to Him (Acts 5:3-4; cf. There is a practical point to be learned from this overview and study on the Spirit of God. Throughout the Old Testament the Spirit worked upon and in men for the glory of God. But who is this Spirit? 1. The Arminian movement attempted to overthrow the work of the sovereign Spirit by introducing a more refined synergism between man’s will and God’s will in salvation. At various points through the history of the church, the Spirit has more or less been seen in operation. The Church has a twofold function: 1) a holy society in the world maintaining a separation from the world for worship, and 2) a missionary institute with a view to propagate or extend the Gospel to them that are without (1 Peter 2:5; John 15:1-6). 10:29), the Spirit of Adoption (Rom. Even Joseph is said to have the Spirit of God in him when Pharaoh commented, “Can we find such a man as this – a man in whom the Spirit of God is? 1:13; 4:30). There is and has only been one church and one Spirit in the Old Testament and the New Testament. 14:5), the word of wisdom (1 Cor. The history of Presbyterianism is more but not less than a history of the interpretation of the work of the Holy Spirit. - A Timeline of the Bible, Why All Should be Thankful - by William Cooper, Why NT Wright is NOT Reformed - by Rev. The first degree of this anointing of the Spirit took place at his incarnation (Luke 1:35; Luke 2:40). The Spirit is given authorship of these gifts (Hebrews 2:4). In the sacred Scriptures, the evidence for the deity of the Holy Spirit is superabundant. History of the Pentecost The Classical Pentecostal doctrine of the baptism in the Holy Spirit was first formulated at the turn of the twentieth century. In comparison with the numbers of people who had the Spirit on the Old Testament, and were made partakers of the Spirit, Paul makes a differentiation between the economy of the “letter” and the economy of the “Spirit” (2 Cor. Be filled with the Spirit: that they are further expected to be so animated with joy as to sing and make melody in their hearts to the Lord,—to give thanks always for all things to God and the Father in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ,—and to submit themselves one to another in the fear of God (Eph. 37 Full PDFs related to this paper. The personal actions ascribed to Him abundantly prove his personality (John 14:26; 1 Cor. THE DOCTRINE OF THE HOLY SPIRIT IN THE CAPPADOCIAN FATHERS T HE Council of the ‘318’ fathers at Nicaea defined their belief in the Holy Spirit as simply that: Καὶ εἰς τὸ ἅγιον πνεῦμα. Then he declares that sanctification is so joined and knit to our grafting into Christ, that it can by no means be separated. Here the Holy Spirit took the place of Christ’s physical bodily presence, and instead, was sent to fill that void spiritually. The church has never been afraid to say in its corpus of writings and literature about theological issues, “I believe in the Holy Spirit.”. The addendum reads, “And I believe in the Holy Ghost, the Lord, and Giver of Life, who proceedeth from the Father and the Son; who with the Father and the Son together is worshipped and glorified; who spake by the Prophets.”. Ezekiel was extraordinarily involved in the Spirit’s prophetic work (Ezek. The disciple will understand that the Holy Spirit is a person related to the godhead—He is God. 9:20; Isa 63:11-14). The Spirit was poured out upon the one hundred and twenty of the Upper room – those who waited upon the Lord’s command. The arguments surrounding the procession of the Spirit are historically viewed and classified in three epochs: The first epoch was during the rise of Greek theology until the time of Epiphanius. The Filling of the Holy Spirit: A key passage in this discussion is Ephesians 5:17-18 which reads, "Therefore do not be foolish, but understand what the will of the Lord is. It is important to note that the term “person” is not a biblical term and is very much capable of being twisted and turned to suit a heretical notion. Mobile Users: Tap the title to get a description of the book, tap again to go directly to WorldCat. In general the doctrine is supported by the names and titles of the Holy Spirit, His identification and association with God, His procession and relation to the Holy Trinity, His divine attributes, and His many divine works. This is done by faith which involves the teaching of the Father (John 6:45), the drawing of the Son (John 12:32) and the life-giving power of the Spirit (John 6:63). Trace the history of the doctrine of the Holy Spirit from the early church to the present. In contrast to historical exclusion, Scripture is permeated with truths identifying and explaining the person and work of the Holy Spirit in creation, through the Messiah, and in the work among believers. The tongues of fire baptized them for service, and touched them on their heads. The contrast between one and the other mainly rests on extent the Spirit was given to the Messiah, and His actions to send the Spirit from the throne of God. Now the enthroned Messiah seated at the right hand of God would send the Holy Spirit. On this ground they are evidenced to be children of the Spirit, adopted by God, and having a filial relationship with God as His children. 8:15) and the Spirit that dwells in us (Rom. Trace the history of the doctrine of the Holy Spirit from the early church to the present. 28:19; 2 Cor. But the Spirit of grace enables them to fight their way out of every temptation (1 Cor. This order of Persons is from eternity. Even through the Old Testament the Holy Spirit was recognized as a divine Person. These men continued the line of Reformation Theology that placed preeminence on the sovereign power of the regenerating work of the Spirit on the believer. In terms of the procession of the Spirit, He proceeds from the Father and the Son. In the Old Testament the Holy Spirit is never actually said to be “sent” since this would be done officially by the office of the Mediator. The Doctrine of the Holy Spirit There is no doubt whatsoever that a knowledge of what the holy Scriptures teach concerning the Holy Spirit is of supremeimportance. 2:14). The word pneumatology comes from the two Greek words, pneuma, meaning spirit, and logos, meaning doctrine. The Doctrine of the Holy Spirit The “Personhood” of the Holy Spirit. 37 Full PDFs related to this paper. - by Dr. C. Matthew McMahon, What Is A Biblical Christian? Second Corinthians 3:17-18 refers to the Spirit as “the Lord.” He is just as much God as the Father or the Son and is co-equal and co-eternal with the Father and Son. The people who were already confused started to disbelief the Doctrine and the Holy Spirit and one Bishop from Constantinople claimed that the Spirit is so a animal made subsidiary to the Son. 3. This view, of the Western Church, was that of the magisterial reformers of the 16th century Reformation, and the Puritans and Westminster Confession of Faith in 1648. Seriously he also promises rest for their souls and eternal life to all who come to him and believe.” Head 3/4:9 states, “The fact that many who are called through the ministry of the gospel do not come and are not brought to conversion must not be blamed on the gospel, nor on Christ, who is offered through the gospel, nor on God, who calls them through the gospel and even bestows various gifts on them, but on the people themselves who are called. In believers Paul notes that the Spirit is the Spirit of Grace (Heb. This our Savior teaches in the parable of the sower (Matt. In the Old Testament the Spirit of God is first introduced as the Creator of all things (Gen. 1:2; Job 26:13; 33:4). Whatever God Does, He does by His Spirit" [Hodge, Charles. Cite reasons why understanding the doctrine of the Holy Spirit has been and continues to be difficult. 2:24; 8:3; 11:24; 36:25-27). 4. Yet how ignorant is the average Christian concerning matters pertaining to the Spirit. The work of the Spirit in the anointing of Christ, according to His work in the Covenant of Grace, is of great importance. The disciple will understand that his relationship with the Holy Spirit is crucial for his superior walk in this present time. The same numerical divine essence is common to three divine Persons known as the Father, Son and Holy Spirit. - by Zacharias Ursinus (1534-1583), Where Did the Bible Come From? The same is applied to all the individuals since in the kernel of the truth, to be true is one and the same as to be, and to be is one and the same as to be great. The Spirit enables regenerated Christians to discern good from evil, or sin from holiness. Acts 2:33 says, “Therefore being exalted to the right hand of God, and having received from the Father the promise of the Holy Spirit, He poured out this which you now see and hear.” This is where the actual mission of the Comforter is stated and is sent by the Messiah from His throne room to the Church organically binding together the whole Church to the Head. Or where can I flee from Your presence?” Psalm 51:11 states, “Do not cast me away from Your presence, And do not take Your Holy Spirit from me.” Psalm 143:10 says, “Teach me to do Your will, For You are my God; Your Spirit is good. During this time, the Spirit was seen as proceeding from the Father and the Son. Join our mailing list to receive the latest news and updates from A Puritan's Mind, as well as coupons and our newest books published by Puritan Publications. Should Christians believe the Scriptures are inspired and a production of the Holy Spirit? As it is used in Christian systematic theology, “pneumatology” refers to the study of the biblical doctrine of the Holy Spirit. 4) His appearance under a visible form at the baptism of Christ and on the day of Pentecost proves His personality. One leads to a first conversion, the other to a continual holiness. And do not get drunk with wine, for that is debauchery, but be filled with the Spirit." Errors still abound on the work of the Spirit as such writings as Junckheim in Germany (of which they never recovered from his combination of Pelagianism, Arminianism, Amyraldianism and Naturalism all rolled into one), and the Schleiermacher School (which is a refined sort of Sabellianism). These are adopted as sons, and are assured by the Spirit of their sovereign election (Rom. Believers are baptized in the Holy Spirit, indwelt by him, and filled. The disciple will understand that he is indwelt by the Holy Spirit. Their answer must have shocked him somewhat, for they replied, “We have not so much as heard whether there be any Holy Ghost” (Acts 19:2). The disciple will learn to make full use of His presence day by day. Below we will use these four broad categories to outline what Wesley believed and taught about the person and work of the Holy Spirit. May this be a help to you. 3:17). doctrine of the Holy Spirit beyond the other resources in this issue.6 THE SPIRIT IN SCRIPTURE:BIBLICAL ROOTS OF THE DOCTRINE7 A helpful summary of biblical scholarship regarding the Spirit of God prior to 188 Snook 3Anyone interested in these recurring disputes about the Spirit may want to consult a collection of essays by John 16:14 states, “He will glorify Me, for He will take of what is Mine and declare it to you.” The Son is eternally generated from the Father, and hears what the Father commands and speaks. 3:7). Assess the implications of the doctrine of the Holy Spirit. The Western Church (of which Augustine was part) believed the Holy Spirit proceeded from the Father and the Son, where the Eastern Greek Church believed He proceeded only from the Father. 2:10-11; Psalm 139:7; Romans 8:26; 1 Cor. - by Albert N. Martin, What is The Gospel? 10:13) although believers do not always arrest that opportunity to please God and rather, they grieve the Spirit. He is the author of saving faith (2 Cor. There is one God or divine essence. - by C. Matthew McMahon, Atonement and the Covenant of Grace - by Hugh Martin (1821-1885), Bio of Loraine Boettner - by Dr. C. Matthew McMahon, Can You Really Tell a Tree By its Fruit? Adam attained originally what Christ would later replenish in some fallen men – the gift of the Spirit. Later, after Augustine’s battles with Pelagius, semi-Pelagians taught that man’s sinful nature was inherited from Adam, but was not completely corrupted. Those regenerated are then made new creatures (2 Cor. 2:14). Matthew Meade (1661), An Inquiry into the Sum and Substance of the Gospel - by Dr. C. Matthew McMahon, Are You a Real Christian? In the third epoch of controversy there is Photius in the Latin Church (AD 867) who tried to set forth his own ideas that mimicked the Greek church and condemned the Western Church as heretical. This means that believers are God’s inviolable property and known to be so by the Spirit dwelling in them. In the office of Mediator, in human flesh, the Lord Jesus received the unction of the Spirit. Luther says, “We have need of the Spirit of Christ, without whom all our works are worthy of condemnation.” The Reformed Confessions echo these sentiments. He reveals His word to His people (1 Cor. Psalm 95:7 and Heb. Handling his subject under three divisions, Smeaton treats first the testimony … He is the third person of the Trinity co-equal with the Father and the Son. 8:9), the Spirit of His Son (Gal. - by Thomas Watson (1620-1686). 5. 8:16; 1 John 3:2). The doctrine of the Trinity means that there is one God who eternally exists as three distinct Persons — the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. It will consist of two parts. Fred Greco, The Puritan Practice of Meditation and Pondering God: Thinking Rightly Through Godly Meditation, The Puritans: All of Life to the Glory of God by C. Matthew McMahon, Westminster Standards - 1647 Westminster Confession of Faith. The same numerical divine essence is common to three divine Persons known as the Father, Son and Holy Spirit. But the title Christ or Messiah was given to the Redeemer from the peculiar unction of the Spirit which was given to him by nature and degree. The need to get a Bible -based view of the Holy Spirit becomes more and more evident as various charismatic movements appear on the scene. This follows that no 1 is truer than the other. The orthodox on this motion preaches that the Holy Spirit is Divine and so the Son is non Divine of Vice Versa. 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