He died in 1794 on his farm Tusculum, just outside of Princeton, and is buried in the Princeton Cemetery. Witherspoon was opposed to the Jacobite rising of 1745-46. The genealogical position is “if you cannot document it, you cannot claim it”. Whereas most Church of England ministers held allegiance to the King and left for England when the Revolution began, patriot pastors supported the American cause. The Declaration of Independence stands out, not only as the greatest document in the history of this country, but together with Magna Carta and the Bill of Rights, ranks as one of the three greatest documents of the English-speaking world. FamilySearch makes every effort to enable access dependent on decisions of record custodians and applicable laws. **Janet's brother was James(John)Witherspoon, his son was Dr. John Witherspoon (1722 - 1794), Minister, President of Princeton, member of the Continental Congress and signer of the Declaration of Independence. Son of James Alexander Witherspoon, III and Anne Witherspoon He also firmed up entrance requirements. He was awarded a Doctorate of Divinity from the University of St Andrews, Fife. To get the best possible experience using our website we recommend that you upgrade to a newer version or install another browser. Filling out the form below will help us to understand the problem you’re experiencing and contact you as we work to address the issue. He continued to serve the country and the Church until he died in … Clergymen were often the most educated individuals in their communities. -- Vol. The main building, Nassau Hall, was badly damaged and his papers and personal notes were lost. In November 1778, as British forces neared, Witherspoon closed and evacuated the College of New Jersey. Reasons why microfilms may not yet be available digitally on FamilySearch.org include: FamilySearch Terms of Use (Updated 2019-12-10) | Privacy Notice (Updated 2018-09-01), © 2021 by Intellectual Reserve, Inc. All rights reserved. Rev. 1753) 1.5. He was 71 when he died. Witherspoon instituted a number of reforms, including modeling the syllabus and university structure after that used at the University of St. Andrews and other Scottish universities. James Witherspoon, Major (17 November 1751 - 4 October 1777) 1.4. Born in Scotland and educated at the University of Edinburgh, Witherspoon was a prominent 18th-century intellectual associated with the moral philosophy of the Scottish Enlightenment. Hey, Cousin!!! Join the community of family history enthusiasts and FamilySearch employees to ask questions and discuss potential product enhancements. "No business can be done, some say, because money is scarce," he wrote. John Knox Witherspoon, Jr. (2… Paisley, Scotland, honored Witherspoon's memory by naming a new street in the town center after him, in honor of his having lived in Paisley for a portion of his adult life. DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE, Descendants of the Signers of the, Vol 3: New Jersey John Witherspoon brought some impressive credentials and a measure of public acclaim with him when he joined the colonies in 1768, as president of the College of New Jersey (now Princeton). In Genealogy of the signers of the Declaration of Independence. He likely also would have been selected to the Constitutional Convention had he not been meeting simultaneously in Philadelphia to draw up a constitution … The colonies had already erupted over the Stamp Act and there seemed to be a revolutionary current under the surface. She was probably from the Round(s) family of Worcester Co., MD, some of whom migrated to Ripley Co. In 1780 he was elected to a one-year term in the New Jersey Legislative Council representing Somerset County. John Witherspoon was a Scottish minister. The Witherspoon Institute is an independent research center that works to enhance public understanding of the moral foundations of free and democratic societies. A camera icon indicates items that are digitally available online. Spouses, children, grandchildren and great-grandchildren. As the College's primary occupation at the time was training ministers, Witherspoon became a leader of the early Presbyterian church in America. As president of the College of New Jersey (1768-94; now Princeton University), he trained many leaders of the early nation and was the only active clergyman and the only college president to sign the Declaration. He remained at the University to study divinity. You are a direct descendant of John Witherspoon, signer of the Declaration of Independence!According to Joseph Bailey's Witherspoon book, your Dr. John Knox W. was son of Frederick Nash W., first child born to Rev. When the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church in America met in 1789, 52 of the 188 delegates had studied under Witherspoon. Within 6 years there was a call for a Continental Congressand then a second call in 1775. He was sent, at an early age, to the public school at Haddington, and at the age of fourteen, he went on to the University of Edinburgh. (14 August 1750 - 1756) 1.3. A son-in-law was Congressman David Ramsay, who married Frances Witherspoon on 18 March 1783. John Knox Witherspoon, Signer of the &... Princeton, Mercer, New Jersey, United States, President of College of New Jersey [present Princeton], Presbyterian minister, Signer of Declaration Of Independance, Elizabeth Montgomery (29 May 1722 - 1 October 1789), Anne Witherspoon (23 July 1749 - 1 April 1817), Christian Witherspoon, d.s.p. John Witherspoon had arrived in the colonies on the eve of independence. (14 August 1750 - 1756), James Witherspoon, Major (17 November 1751 - 4 October 1777), Barbara Witherspoon, d.s.p. ...Independence - Signatory, John Knox Witherspoon, David Witherspoon, Susan Ann Witherspoon, Josias Witherspoon, James Alexander Witherspoo... Feb 5 1723 - Yester, near Edinburgh, Scotland, Nov 15 1794 - Tusculuma, Princeton, New Jersey, Mary Dickey (born Witherspoon), John Witherspoon, David (Lieutenant) Witherspoon, James Witherspoon, Margaret Ann French (born Witherspoon), 1723 - Gifford, Haddingtonshire, Scotland, 1794 - Princeton, Mercer, New Jersey, USA, Rev James Alexander Witherspoon, Anne Witherspoon (born Walker), Feb 5 1721/22 - Yester, [Near Edinburgh], Scotland, James Alexander Iii Witherspoon, Anne Witherspoon (born Walker). John Witherspoon, signer of the Declaration of Independence from New Jersey, was born at Yester, Scotland, 5 Feb. 1722. They had eleven children. ...James Witherspoon, Robert Witherspoon, James Witherspoon, Barbara Witherspoon, John Knox Witherspoon, Frances Witherspoon, Martha Withers... Sep 15 1794 - Tusculum, Princeton, Mercer, NJ, USA. He fought against the flood of paper money, and opposed the issuance of bonds without provision for their amortization. 2 (pp. He died 15 Nov. 1794 at Tusculum, Princeton, New Jersey. In Genealogy of the signers of the Declaration of Independence. William and Margaret Bell Marshall. John Witherspoon was born at Gifford, a parish of Yester, at East Lothian, Scotland, as the eldest child of the Reverend James Alexander Witherspoon and Anne Walker, a descendant of John Welsh of Ayr and John Knox. A bronze statue at Princeton University by Scottish sculptor Alexander Stoddart is the twin of one outside The University of the West of Scotland, Paisley, Scotland. He also served twice in the New Jersey Legislature, and strongly supported the adoption of the United States Constitution during the New Jersey ratification debates. On note, is that John Witherspoon, a clergyman, signed the Declaration of Independence. It was dedicated May 20, 1909, by the National Presbyterian Church, and relocated in 1966. John Witherspoon (1723–1794) was the only clergyman to sign the Declaration of Independence and the Articles of Confederation as well as serve at the convention that ratified the U.S. Constitution in New Jersey. John is first cousin to Rev. Following the Jacobite victory at the Battle of Falkirk (1746), he was briefly imprisoned at Doune Castle, which had a long-term impact on his health. He spoke often in debate; helped draft the Articles of Confederation; helped organize the executive departments; played a major role in shaping foreign policy; and drew up the instructions for the peace commissioners. ... David Witherspoon, Susan Ann Witherspoon, Josias Witherspoon, James Alexander Witherspoon, Margaret Ann Witherspoon, Josias Witherspoon,... ...herspoon), Anna Smith (born Witherspoon), Christian Witherspoon, Major James Witherspoon, Robert Witherspoon, Barbara Witherspoon, John K... James Alexander Witherspoon, Iii, Ann Witherspoon, Iii (born Walker), ...itherspoon, John Knox Witherspoon, John Knox Witherspoon, David Witherspoon, Capt., Susan ( Ann) Smith (born Witherspoon), James Witherspoon, James Alexander Witherspoon, Anne Witherspoon (born Walker), ... Dickey (born Witherspoon), John Knox Witherspoon, David (Lieutenant) Witherspoon, James Witherspoon, Margaret Ann French (born Witherspoon), Feb 15 1723 - Gifford, Scotland, United Kingdom, James Witherspoon, Anne Witherspoon (born Walker). John Knox Witherspoon (1723-1794)—clergyman, educator, and founding father—served as Princeton’s sixth president from 1768 until his death in 1794. The microfilm may be scheduled for future scanning. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Witherspoon, Elizabeth Montgomerie, 1722-1789, Genealogy of signers of the Declaration of Independence / Leach, Frank Willing, 1855-1943, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. 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